The Constitution of the Italian Republic, adopted in 1947, stipulates that relations between the State and the Catholic Church «shall be governed by the Lateran Treaties». [21] Negotiations on the settlement of the Roman question began in 1926 between the government of Italy and the Holy See and culminated in the agreements of the Lateran Pacts, signed for King Viktor Emanuel III of Italy by Prime Minister Benito Mussolini and for Pope Pius XI by Cardinal Secretary Pietro Gasparri. [17] February 11, 1929[18] It was ratified on June 7, 1929. [19] In 1984, an agreement was signed to revise the Concordat. In particular, the two sides declared: «The principle of the Catholic religion as the sole religion of the Italian State, originally mentioned in the Lateran Pacts, is no longer considered to be in force.» Stand up. [26] We have listed all the clues in our database that match your search. There will also be a list of synonyms for your answer. Synonyms have been arranged according to the number of characters so that they are easy to find. The agreements included a political treaty that created the Vatican City State and guaranteed the Holy See full and independent sovereignty. The Pope pledged to maintain neutrality in international relations and to abstain from a mediation controversy, unless all parties have expressly requested it. In the first article of the treaty, Italy reaffirmed the principle set forth in the Statute of the Kingdom of Italy of 4 March 1848, according to which «the Catholic, apostolic and Roman religion is the only religion of the State». [20] The attached financial agreement was accepted as payment for all claims of the Holy See against Italy arising from the loss of the secular power of the ecclesiastical state in 1870. Italian anti-Jewish laws of 1938 prohibited marriages between Jews and non-Jews, including Catholics.

The Vatican saw this as a violation of the Concordat, which gave the Church the exclusive right to regulate marriages with Catholics. [28] Article 34 of the Concordat had also established that marriages contracted by the Catholic Church are always considered valid by the civil authorities. [29] The Holy See understood this in such a way that it applied to all marriages in Italy celebrated by Roman Catholic clergymen, regardless of the faith of the bride and groom. [29] If you still haven`t solved the crossword note Written agreement between a country and the Vatican, why not search our database to find the letters you already have! During the unification of Italy in the mid-nineteenth century, the ecclesiastical state opposed integration into the new nation, although all other Italian countries, with the exception of San Marino, adhered to it; Camillo Cavour`s dream of announcing the Kingdom of Italy from the steps of the saint. . . .