The Canadian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Lloyd Axworthy, immediately supported this proposal as a chance to complete the conference and decided to instruct Austria to prepare the draft negotiations[35], proposing to complete them in Ottawa by the end of 1997. This important decision is reflected in the text of Chairmen`s Agenda for Action on Anti-Personnel (AP) Mines as follows: «In order to lay the necessary foundations for a legally binding international agreement banning AP mines, Austria will present a first draft and Canada will create a possible framework for the revision of such an agreement.» [36] The wise way to achieve this goal was to insist that the relevant negotiations take place within the framework of the United Nations Forum for Disarmament Negotiations, the Conference on Disarmament (CD). The problem is that the CD has become a dead end for many years, due to fundamental disagreements between Member States on its agenda and the consensual rule that, de facto, gave each member the right of veto. [44] Ottawa Agreement (1932), a series of trade initiatives by Great Britain and its Dominions. The Ottawa Conference of 1932 gave rise to not one, but seven separate agreements that the Argentines called the «Black Pacts.» Although the fanatically anti-Argentine press baron Lord Beaverbrook saw no difference between these pacts and an eighth between London and Buenos Aires, there was nevertheless a decisive difference. While the Dominions insisted on maximizing progress in the British market, the Argentines fought to minimize the withdrawal. The former had eloquent arguments: first, Britain had long enjoyed preferences in the imperial markets and, in return, had conceded little. With the suspension of free trade and tariffs imposed, the Dominions could push much more. As the Great Depression demanded compassion and the Statute of Westminster (1931) weakened London`s political control, the imperial consolidation that followed had to be economic.

12 December: The UN General Assembly adopts Resolution 50/70 O «Moratorium on exports of anti-personnel landmines», which calls on States to declare such a moratorium and reach consensus on an agreement when the Review Conference (CCW Convention) reconvenes. u. a.: «also encourages the continuation of immediate international efforts to find solutions to the problems posed by anti-personnel mines with a view to the possible elimination of anti-personnel landmines; (paragraph 6) «[15] The main effects of the Ottawa agreements on Argentina were that 33.2% of British imports were now subject to tariffs, compared to 17.3% just before the conference. (Before 1930, there was no object.) There were also sharp reductions in Argentine exports, which allowed the Dominions to export more to Britain. To counter these cuts, the controversial Roca Runciman Pact was negotiated between London and Buenos Aires in 1933. Britain has similar agreements with South Africa, Australia and New Zealand. Britain promised not to impose tariffs on Empire food, to increase tariffs and impose quotas on many foods outside the empire, and to pursue duty-free or low-duty customs regimes for Empire manufacturers such as Canadian automobiles. There have been new tariffs on «foreign» dairy products, quotas for certain meats and many other reorientations of British and Dominion tariffs. The agreements gave the Dominions a larger share of the British market, but they could not prevent the decline in the British share of the imperial market. The Anglo-Canadian Agreement was amended several times in 1937, 1938 and several times since 1945. . .

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